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Basilica of St. John

Basilica of St. John

It is believed that St. John spent his last years near Ephesus and is buried in the Selcuk town in the southern hills. After three hundred years of his death in the 4th century, a church was built over his grave. Thus church was transformed into the beautiful basilica during the period of emperor Justinian from 527 AD to 565 AD. Saint John was also the writer of the book of revelation and the 4th GOSPEL. The Gospel accounts agree on that St. John is the son of Zebedee and he along with his brother started following Jesus while fishing in the lake Galilee. He then became very close to Christ and also accompanied him on very important events like the crucifixion and the transfiguration. He wrote in his book about the stage when Jesus was at his torture stage that "Mother, this is your son" and to the disciple "This is your mother". It is thought that the beloved disciple is Saint John.

Basilica of St John

The second half of the first century of the early Christian history was full of persecution. Apostle James Stephen was killed in Jerusalem and the St. John went to Rome where he was executed. According to old traditions, St. John came to Ephesus with Mother Marry. After that he wrote the book of revelation and the Gospel in 96 AD in the island of Greece. The St. John basilica has 6 domes and its shape was like a cross. It is constructed with bricks and rocks and such an example is very rare in architecture of that time. The tomb of St. John is covered by the central dome and is raised by two marble steps. It was formerly carried by four columns at the corners.

Basilica of St John

The columns at the courtyard garden also signify the monograms of the emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora. The baptistery is in the shape of a key hole and is situated at the north nave. It was constructed in 5 century AD. The ramparts walls around the original church were constructed in the 7th to 8th century to protect it from the attacks of the Arabs. The chapel is ornamented by the attractive frescos of Jesus, St. John and another saint. The chapel was later used as a mosque by the Turks after their invasion in the 14 century. In the same century, it was greatly damaged by earthquakes and was unable to use anymore. The Basilica of St John was previously in the shape of a cross with 6 domes covering it. This Basilica was made up of bricks and stones. This type of construction rarely found in the history of architecture and in present also. knowing more about the construction it is observed that the grave of St john is covered by two rising steps made by white marble. The grave of St John is located in the center of the dome which is surrounded by four columns at corners. These columns represents the monograms of emperor Justinian.

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